AZ64 is a novel antitumor agent designed as a tropomyosin-related kinase (Trk) inhibitor; however, its effect on lung cancer and its mechanism of action remain unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the antitumor activity of AZ64 and its mechanism of action against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Our results demonstrate that AZ64 has a potent anti-proliferative effect on NSCLC cells and acts in a dose- and time-dependent manner. We also demonstrate that AZ64 suppresses the anchorage-independent growth and invasion of NSCLC cells. In vivo experiments demonstrated that AZ64 significantly reduced the tumor growth of NSCLC xenografts in nude mice and was well-tolerated. Mechanistic experiments revealed that AZ64 induced the G2/M arrest of NSCLC cells by the accumulation of phospho-cdc2 (Tyr15) at the G2/M transition, following the downregulation of Cdc25C expression. Collectively, our data demonstrate that AZ64 is a potential antitumor drug that may be used for the treatment of NSCLC, which functions by targeting the G2/M transition via the inhibition of the dephosphorylation of phospho-cdc2 (Tyr15).