New coding in the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, for children's interstitial lung disease

Chest. 2012 Sep;142(3):774-780. doi: 10.1378/chest.12-0492.


The term "children's interstitial lung disease" (chILD) refers to a heterogeneous group of rare and diffuse lung diseases associated with significant morbidity and mortality. These disorders include neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy, pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis, surfactant dysfunction mutations, and alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins. Diagnosis can be challenging, which may lead to a delay in recognition and treatment of these disorders. Recently, International Classifications of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes have been added for several of the chILD disorders. The purpose of this article is to give an overview of the chILD disorders and appropriate diagnostic coding.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • International Classification of Diseases / trends*
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / classification*
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / diagnosis*
  • United States
  • World Health Organization