Malnutrition and obesity in pediatric oncology patients: causes, consequences, and interventions

Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2012 Dec 15;59(7):1160-7. doi: 10.1002/pbc.24272. Epub 2012 Sep 4.


In children with cancer, suboptimal nutrition states are common consequences of the disease and its treatment. These nutrition states have been attributed to a number of etiologies dependent on the patient's tumor type and treatment, and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Interventions vary from psychosocial to pharmacological and surgical management. Further research is necessary to understand the epidemiology and etiology of these nutrition states. Of great importance is the development and implementation of effective interventions to optimize nutritional status among children with cancer during and after therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Behavior Therapy
  • Child
  • Child Nutrition Disorders / diagnosis
  • Child Nutrition Disorders / etiology*
  • Child Nutrition Disorders / therapy
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / complications*
  • Nutritional Support
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / therapy
  • Risk Factors