Application of KRL test to assess total antioxidant activity in pigs: sensitivity to dietary antioxidants

Res Vet Sci. 2013 Apr;94(2):372-7. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2012.08.005. Epub 2012 Sep 3.


The application of Kit Radicaux Libres (KRL) test to assess total blood antioxidant activity in pigs was evaluated. The KRL has been validated and is widely used in humans for assessing the effectiveness of natural or pharmaceutical treatments, and in vitro to evaluate the antioxidant activities of natural or synthetic antioxidants. In this study the sensitivity of the KRL test in assessing the effectiveness of dietary antioxidant supplementation (vitamin E and plant extract) was evaluated in two different phases of pig breeding. The first trial, in post-weaned piglets (40 piglets/group) fed dietary vitamin E supplementation for 60 days, indicated that there was a higher total antioxidant activity (P=0.032) of whole blood and of red blood cells (P=0.001) than for control pigs. The second trial indicated that long-term supplementation of water soluble plant extract (20 pigs/group) from the leaves of Verbenaceae (Lippia spp.) tended (P=0.091) to increase antioxidant activity in the whole blood of treated, rather than control pigs. These results indicate that the KRL might be recommended as one of efficient means for evaluating antioxidant activity of dietary ingredients fed to pigs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animal Feed / analysis
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / administration & dosage
  • Antioxidants / metabolism*
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Diet / veterinary*
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Female
  • Male
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Swine / metabolism*


  • Antioxidants