The pharyngo-tympano-stapedial variant of the middle meningeal artery. A case report

Interv Neuroradiol. 2012 Sep;18(3):255-8. doi: 10.1177/159101991201800302. Epub 2012 Sep 10.


Atypical origin of the middle meningeal artery from the cervical internal carotid artery is a rare angiographic finding. We describe a case of the pharyngo-tympano-stapedial variant of the middle meningeal artery in a young patient. In this vascular variation the proximal segment of the middle meningeal artery, corresponding to an annexed inferior tympanic artery, originates from the cervical carotid artery. Then over the promontory it unites with the superior tympanic artery and continues with its intracranial course via the petrous branch.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Angiography
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / abnormalities
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / diagnostic imaging
  • Hematoma, Subdural / diagnostic imaging
  • Hematoma, Subdural / etiology
  • Hemophilia B / complications
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meningeal Arteries / abnormalities*
  • Meningeal Arteries / diagnostic imaging
  • Pharynx / diagnostic imaging
  • Stapes / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Tympanic Membrane / blood supply