Cardiac rhabdomyomas in tuberous sclerosis patients: a case report and review of the literature

Arch Cardiovasc Dis. Aug-Sep 2012;105(8-9):442-5. doi: 10.1016/j.acvd.2012.01.009. Epub 2012 Apr 13.

Abstract

Rhabdomyomas are the most common benign cardiac tumours. They are often associated with tuberous sclerosis and can be diagnosed antenatally and postnatally by echocardiography. Rhabdomyomas tend to regress spontaneously and are not usually operated upon, unless they become obstructive or cause severe arrhythmias. We describe the case of a child with tuberous sclerosis who was admitted for the resection of a subependymal giant cell astrocytoma, in whom cardiac rhabdomyomas in the right ventricular outflow tract were diagnosed. These two kinds of tumours are well known in the setting of tuberous sclerosis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Echocardiography
  • Female
  • Heart Neoplasms / complications
  • Heart Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Rhabdomyoma / complications
  • Rhabdomyoma / diagnosis*
  • Tuberous Sclerosis / complications*