Analogs of SLV-319 (Ibipinibant), a CB1 receptor inverse agonist, were synthesized with functionality intended to limit brain exposure while maintaining the receptor affinity and selectivity of the parent compound. Structure activity relationships of this series, and pharmacology of two lead compounds, 16 (JD-5006) and 23 (JD-5037) showing little brain presence as indicated by tissue distribution and receptor occupancy studies, are described. Effects with one of these compounds on plasma triglyceride levels, liver weight and enzymes, glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity support the approach that blockade of peripheral CB(1) receptors is sufficient to produce many of the beneficial metabolic effects of globally active CB(1) blockers. Thus, PR CB(1) inverse agonists may indeed represent a safer alternative to highly brain-penetrant agents for the treatment of metabolic disorders, including diabetes, liver diseases, dyslipidemias, and obesity.
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