ANG-(1-7) reduces ANG II-induced insulin resistance by enhancing Akt phosphorylation via a Mas receptor-dependent mechanism in rat skeletal muscle

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Sep 28;426(3):369-73. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.08.093. Epub 2012 Aug 28.


The nonapeptide angiotensin II (ANG II) induces vasoconstriction via the ANG II type I receptor, while its splice product ANG-(1-7) elicits an antihypertensive effect via the Mas receptor. Although a critical role of ANG II in the etiology of skeletal muscle insulin resistance is well documented, the role of the ANG-(1-7)/Mas receptor axis in this context is poorly understood. Therefore, we determined whether ANG-(1-7) is effective in ameliorating the negative effects of ANG II on insulin-stimulated insulin signaling and glucose transport activity in isolated soleus muscle from normotensive lean Zucker rats. ANG II alone (500 nM for 2 h) decreased insulin-stimulated glucose transport activity by 45% (P < 0.05). In the presence of 500-1000 nM ANG-(1-7), insulin-stimulated glucose transport activity in muscle exposed to ANG II improved by ~30% (P < 0.05). Moreover, ANG-(1-7) treatment increased Akt Ser(473) phosphorylation (47%, P < 0.05) without an effect on glycogen synthase kinase-3β Ser(9) phosphorylation. The dependence of ANG-(1-7) action on the Mas receptor was assessed using A779 peptide, a selective Mas receptor antagonist. The positive effects of ANG-(1-7) on insulin-stimulated glucose transport activity and Akt Ser(473) phosphorylation in soleus muscle were completely prevented in presence of 1000 nM A779. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that ANG-(1-7), via a Mas receptor-dependent mechanism, can ameliorate the inhibitory effect of ANG II on glucose transport activity in mammalian skeletal muscle, associated with enhanced Akt phosphorylation. These results provide further evidence supporting the targeting of the renin-angiotensin system for interventions designed to reduce insulin resistance in skeletal muscle tissue.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin II / analogs & derivatives*
  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Female
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Insulin Resistance*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Proto-Oncogene Mas
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Zucker
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / metabolism*


  • 7-Ala-angiotensin (1-7)
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Proto-Oncogene Mas
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Angiotensin II
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Glucose