Content validity of the Rodeo-SCAT

Int J Sports Med. 2013 Feb;34(2):170-5. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1311651. Epub 2012 Sep 7.


The purpose of this study was to establish the content validity of the Rodeo SCAT for the sport of rodeo and bull riding. The study design was comprised of expert consensus and content validation. A modified Ebel procedure was employed to content validate the rodeo SCAT. Content validation using this method includes experts agreeing on the importance of each item that comprises the rodeo SCAT. This 3-stage process involved: 1) face validation by a local committee: 2) initial expert consensus measurement via distance; and 3) a face-to-face discussion for items that did not originally achieve 80% consensus of the group. Experts were chosen from the Canadian Professional Rodeo Sport Medicine Team (Canada) and the Justin Sports Medicine Team (USA). 27 out of a total possible 68 items achieved 80% consensus in the second stage. In the third stage, 4 of the 68 items were removed with consensus from the expert group. All remaining items achieved 80% consensus for inclusion. In summary, the rodeo SCAT is content valid and thus, appropriate for use in the sport of rodeo context or environment.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Brain Concussion / diagnosis*
  • Brain Concussion / etiology
  • Cattle
  • Horses
  • Humans
  • Neuropsychological Tests*
  • Reproducibility of Results