Background: The decision to perform an elective bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) at the time of a hysterectomy for a benign condition is complex.
Aim: To assess the determinants of the decision to proceed to a prophylactic BSO during a hysterectomy for a benign condition.
Materials and methods: We collected demographic and clinical data, including age, menopausal status and risk of ovarian cancer. Using a regression model we analysed the decision perform a prophylactic BSO in women successively admitted for a hysterectomy for a benign condition, in relation to the collected demographic and clinical data.
Results: Data were collected for 43 women, aged between 37 and 65 years (mean age 48.6 years, SD 6.9), on the day before their hysterectomy. Thirty-six (84%) had a total hysterectomy and 7 (16%) a subtotal hysterectomy; 40 (93%) had a laparoscopic procedure. Prophylactic BSO was significantly associated with age: none of the women aged under 40 years had the procedure, compared with 8% of those aged 41-45 years, 29% of those aged 46-50 years and 83% of those aged 51 years or more (χ(2)=23; P<0.001). Of the postmenopausal women, 67% had a prophylactic BSO, compared with 24% of the premenopausal women (χ(2)=6; P<0.047). In this small series of patients no relationship was found between the decision to perform a BSO and the risk of ovarian cancer. Age was the only significant variable in the regression model (pseudo R(2) Nagelkerke=0.6, P<0.05).
Conclusion: The physician's recommendation to perform an elective BSO at the time of a hysterectomy for a benign condition is strongly influenced by the patients' age.
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