A modified levine palpebral spring for the treatment of myogenic ptosis

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. Sep-Oct 2012;28(5):372-5. doi: 10.1097/IOP.0b013e318263ded7.

Abstract

Purpose: Surgical treatment of myogenic ptosis usually requires a form of frontalis suspension. Complications can include entropion, headache, contour abnormalities, and poor eyelid excursion. The Levine palpebral spring has been used successfully to augment eyelid closure in more than 2,000 patients. The authors present a modified Levine spring to correct ptosis in a patient with poor levator function.

Methods: Interventional case report. A 55-year-old man with profound myogenic ptosis was treated with bilateral modified Levine palpebral springs. Eyelid position, contour and excursion, blink reflex, lagophthalmos, and ocular surface were evaluated.

Results: The Levine palpebral spring functioned well to open both eyelids. Margin reflex distance improved from -3 mm to 3 m postoperatively. Excellent contour and excursion were observed. Orbicularis action, including blink reflex, was preserved, and ocular surface was not compromised.

Conclusion: The modified Levine palpebral spring is an alternative to frontalis suspension in treating select patients with eyelid ptosis with poor levator function.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Alloys
  • Blepharoplasty / instrumentation*
  • Blepharoptosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Blepharoptosis / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oculomotor Muscles / surgery*
  • Radiography

Substances

  • Alloys