Emergency neurological life support: intracerebral hemorrhage

Neurocrit Care. 2012 Sep;17 Suppl 1:S37-46. doi: 10.1007/s12028-012-9757-2.


Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a subset of stroke resulting from bleeding within the brain parenchyma of the brain. It is potentially lethal, and survival depends on ensuring an adequate airway, reversal of coagulopathy, and proper diagnosis. ICH was chosen as an emergency neurological life support (ENLS) protocol because intervention within the first critical hour may improve outcome, and it is helpful to have a protocol to drive care quickly and efficiently.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Anticoagulants / adverse effects
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders / chemically induced
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders / complications
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders / therapy
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnosis*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / therapy*
  • Emergency Medical Services / methods
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertension / drug therapy
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive / diagnosis
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive / etiology
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive / therapy
  • Neurosurgical Procedures
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / adverse effects
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Anticoagulants
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors