Emerging facets of plastid division regulation

Planta. 2013 Feb;237(2):389-98. doi: 10.1007/s00425-012-1743-6. Epub 2012 Sep 11.


Plastids are complex organelles that are integrated into the plant host cell where they differentiate and divide in tune with plant differentiation and development. In line with their prokaryotic origin, plastid division involves both evolutionary conserved proteins and proteins of eukaryotic origin where the host has acquired control over the process. The plastid division apparatus is spatially separated between the stromal and the cytosolic space but where clear coordination mechanisms exist between the two machineries. Our knowledge of the plastid division process has increased dramatically during the past decade and recent findings have not only shed light on plastid division enzymology and the formation of plastid division complexes but also on the integration of the division process into a multicellular context. This review summarises our current knowledge of plastid division with an emphasis on biochemical features, the functional assembly of protein complexes and regulatory features of the overall process.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / chemistry
  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / chemistry*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Division*
  • Chloroplast Proteins / chemistry
  • Chloroplast Proteins / genetics
  • Cytosol / chemistry
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Intracellular Membranes / chemistry
  • Multiprotein Complexes / chemistry
  • Multiprotein Complexes / genetics
  • Phosphorylation
  • Plant Cells / chemistry
  • Plastids / chemistry*
  • Plastids / genetics


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Chloroplast Proteins
  • FTSZ protein, Arabidopsis
  • Multiprotein Complexes