Chicken egg yolk antibody (IgY) controls Solobacterium moorei under in vitro and in vivo conditions

Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2012 Nov;168(6):1448-58. doi: 10.1007/s12010-012-9869-3. Epub 2012 Sep 12.

Abstract

Solobacterium moorei is a causative agent in diseases such as oral halitosis, bacteremia, and necrobacillosis-associated thrombophlebitis. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of chicken egg yolk antibody (IgY) in controlling S. moorei. Intact S. moorei cells were used as an immunogen to immunize four White Leghorn laying hens. IgY, extracted from egg yolks obtained from these immunized hens, was purified using water dilution, two-step salt precipitation, and ultrafiltration. The purity of the IgY obtained was approximately 87.3 %. The antibody titer of the IgY was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The antibody titer peaked at 10,000 following the third immunization. In order to evaluate the inhibitory effects of the specific IgY, the growth of S. moorei in liquid media was measured every 12 h using a microplate reader at 600 nm. Biofilm formation of S. moorei was quantified by staining with crystal violet. The specific binding ability of IgY was further confirmed by the use of immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy. Growth and biofilm formation of S. moorei were significantly (P<0.05) inhibited by 20 and 40 mg/ml specific IgY compared with the control. The specific IgY also decreased the bacterial level in the oral cavity of mice after infection with S. moorei. This study demonstrates that the growth and biofilm formation of S. moorei can be effectively inhibited by specific IgY. As a result, IgY technology may have application in the control of diseases caused by S. moorei.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / immunology
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / pharmacology*
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Chickens
  • Egg Yolk / immunology*
  • Female
  • Gram-Negative Anaerobic Bacteria / drug effects*
  • Gram-Negative Anaerobic Bacteria / growth & development*
  • Gram-Negative Anaerobic Bacteria / immunology
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections / immunology
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections / microbiology*
  • Immunization
  • Immunoglobulins / immunology
  • Immunoglobulins / pharmacology*
  • Mice
  • Microbial Viability / drug effects

Substances

  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • IgY
  • Immunoglobulins