Technological advances in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for respiratory failure

Expert Rev Respir Med. 2012 Aug;6(4):377-84. doi: 10.1586/ers.12.31.


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for neonatal and pediatric cardiac and/or respiratory failure is well established, and its use for adult respiratory failure is rapidly increasing. Management strategies developed over the past 30 years coupled with significant recent technological advances have led to improved ECMO survival. These new technologies are expanding the potential applications for ECMO in exciting ways, including new patient populations and the ability to make ECMO mobile for both intra- and inter-hospital transport. In this article, we highlight some of the recent technological advances and their impact on the utilization of ECMO in increasingly diverse patient populations.

MeSH terms

  • Equipment Design
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation / instrumentation
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation / methods
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation / trends*
  • Humans
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / mortality
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / therapy*
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome