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Review
, 16 (5), 482-5

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-related Cutaneous Necrotizing Vasculitis: Case Report and Literature Review

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Review

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-related Cutaneous Necrotizing Vasculitis: Case Report and Literature Review

Ferhat Arslan et al. Braz J Infect Dis.

Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is usually asymptomatic in immunocompetent patients. A mononucleosis-like syndrome may develop in some patients. Various organ involvements (e.g.: encephalitis, meningitis, retinitis, myocarditis, pneumonia, hepatitis, enterocolitis, neuritis), which rarely occur in immunocompetent patients, have also been reported. Cutaneous necrotizing vasculitis caused by CMV infection has been reported very rarely in the literature. Here, a case with a very rare clinical form of CMV infection, presenting with persistent fever and livedo reticularis on the extremities and cutaneous necrotizing vasculitis of the toes, is described, and the relevant literature is reviewed. This case report aims to highlight the possibility of CMV infection to be a cause of cutaneous necrotizing vasculitis.

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