Gender disparities in health care

Mt Sinai J Med. Sep-Oct 2012;79(5):555-9. doi: 10.1002/msj.21336.


The existence of disparities in delivery of health care has been the subject of increased empirical study in recent years. Some studies have suggested that disparities between men and women exist in the diagnoses and treatment of health conditions, and as a result measures have been taken to identify these differences. This article uses several examples to illustrate health care gender bias in medicine. These examples include surgery, peripheral artery disease, cardiovascular disease, critical care, and cardiovascular risk factors. Additionally, we discuss reasons why these issues still occur, trends in health care that may address these issues, and the need for acknowledgement of the current system's inequities in order to provide unbiased care for women in the future.

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement
  • Coronary Artery Disease / diagnosis
  • Coronary Artery Disease / therapy
  • Critical Care
  • Female
  • Healthcare Disparities*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Osteoarthritis / surgery
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease / diagnosis
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease / therapy
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Women's Health*