We sought to identify the molecular basis of the autosomal dominant form of Kufs disease, an adult onset form of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. We used a combination of classic linkage analysis and Next Generation Sequencing to map and identify mutations in DNAJC5 in a total of three families. We analyzed the clinical manifestations in 20 individuals with mutation in DNAJC5. We report here the mapping and the identification of a p.L116del mutation in DNAJC5 segregating with the disease in two distinct American families, as well as a p.L115R mutation in an additional family. The age of onset and clinical manifestations were very homogeneous among mutation positive individuals, including generalized tonic-clonic seizures, myoclonus, ataxia, speech deterioration, dementia, and premature death. A few individuals also exhibited parkinsonism. DNAJC5, which encodes the cysteine string protein (CSPα), a presynaptic protein implicated in neurodegeneration, causes autosomal dominant Kufs disease. The leucine residues at positions 115 and 116 are hotspots for mutations and result in a homogeneous phenotype of progressive myoclonus epilepsy with onset around 30 years old.
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.