Some effects of sugar-flavored acid beverages on the biochemistry of human whole saliva and dental plaque

Acta Odontol Scand. 1977;35(6):317-30. doi: 10.3109/00016357709064131.


An investigation was made of the effects on some biochemical characteristics of human whole saliva and dental plaque resulting from the daily consumption of three commercial, acid-containing beverages. The beverages tested were a cola beverage ("Coca-Cola"), a carbonated orange drink ("Jaffa") and single strength orange juice. Each of the three test beverages as well as non-fluoridated tap water as a control, were consumed during four two-week periods. The test group consisted of 39 dental students. The mean consumption frequency lay in the range from 5.3 to 5.7 times per day. Orange juice was found to stimulate the salivary secretion rate most. All test drinks decreased the salivary pH immediately after consumption, but the pH did not generally drotase-like activity in oral fluid. Changes were observed in calcium, phosphate and fluoride concentrations in oral fluid samples, but these were due to variations in salivary secretion rate. A significant decrease in redox potentials of whole saliva was, however, observed after consumption of the drinks. The present results indicate that in healthy persons with normal saliva flow rate and buffer capacity the moderate consumption of acidic beverages failed to induce any remarkable caries-promoting changes in oral cavity. However, in persons with low salivary flow rate erosion may be a consequence of regular consumption.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Beverages*
  • Carbohydrates / pharmacology*
  • Carbonated Beverages*
  • Dental Plaque / analysis
  • Dental Plaque / drug effects*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Male
  • Saliva / analysis
  • Saliva / drug effects*
  • Saliva / metabolism
  • Secretory Rate / drug effects
  • Time Factors


  • Carbohydrates