Current therapeutic approaches under development for Alzheimer disease, including γ-secretase modulating therapy, aim at increasing the production of Aβ(1-38) and Aβ(1-40) at the cost of longer Aβ peptides. Here, we consider the aggregation of Aβ(1-38) and Aβ(1-43) in addition to Aβ(1-40) and Aβ(1-42), in particular their behavior in mixtures representing the complex in vivo Aβ pool. We demonstrate that Aβ(1-38) and Aβ(1-43) aggregate similar to Aβ(1-40) and Aβ(1-42), respectively, but display a variation in the kinetics of assembly and toxicity due to differences in short timescale conformational plasticity. In biologically relevant mixtures of Aβ, Aβ(1-38) and Aβ(1-43) significantly affect the behaviors of Aβ(1-40) and Aβ(1-42). The short timescale conformational flexibility of Aβ(1-38) is suggested to be responsible for enhancing toxicity of Aβ(1-40) while exerting a cyto-protective effect on Aβ(1-42). Our results indicate that the complex in vivo Aβ peptide array and variations thereof is critical in Alzheimer disease, which can influence the selection of current and new therapeutic strategies.