Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication of the total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Serum mannose-binding lectin (MBL), a pattern recognition receptor, is involved in antibacterial immune response. This study investigated whether functional variants of the MBL2 gene may be associated with the risk of PJI. MBL2 -550 (H/L, rs11003125), MBL2 -221 (Y/X, rs7096206) and MBL2 +54 (G/A, rs1800450) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were genotyped in 112 PJI patients and two control groups: 245 patients with aseptic TJA and 196 Czech population controls without TJA. Serum MBL concentration was assessed in PJI patients (n = 92) and aseptic TJA controls (n = 56). The distribution of MBL2 genotypes complied with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in all investigated groups. Importantly, MBL2 -550 L allele (allelic frequency, 0.72) and LL genotype (genotype frequency, 0.51) were more frequent among PJI patients compared to aseptic TJA controls (L allele: 0.63, P = 0.016, P(c) = 0.048; LL genotype: 0.39, P = 0.037, P(c) > 0.05) and to Czech population controls (L allele: 0.61, P = 0.010, P(c) = 0.030; LL genotype: 0.35, P = 0.006, P(c) = 0.018), respectively. Regarding MBL protein, the MBL2 -550 L carriers presented with lower serum MBL concentrations than non-carriers (median; 593 vs 1876 ng/ml; P < 0.01). Similarly, the carriage of MBL2 -221 X and 54 A alleles was associated with lower serum MBL concentrations (P < 0.01). In conclusion, MBL2 -550 genetic variant(s) associated with low serum concentration of MBL protein can increase the risk of PJI.
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.