What is knowledge and when should it be implemented?

J Eval Clin Pract. 2012 Oct;18(5):951-3. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2753.2012.01899.x.


A primary purpose of research is to generate new knowledge. Scientific advances have progressively identified optimal ways to achieve this purpose. Included in this evolution are the notions of evidence-based medicine, decision aids, shared decision making, measurement and evaluation as well as implementation. The importance of including qualitative and quantitative methods in our research is now understood. We have debated the meaning of evidence and how to implement it. However, we have yet to consider how to include in our study findings other types of information such as tacit and experiential knowledge. This key consideration needs to take place before we translate new findings or 'knowledge' into clinical practice. This article critiques assumptions regarding the nature of knowledge and suggests a framework for implementing research findings into practice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Research
  • Clinical Medicine
  • Diffusion of Innovation*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Knowledge*
  • Problem-Based Learning