A new method for producing "Lotus Effect" on a biomimetic shark skin

J Colloid Interface Sci. 2012 Dec 15;388(1):235-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2012.08.033. Epub 2012 Aug 27.


Nature has long been an important source of inspiration for mankind to develop artificial ways to mimic the remarkable properties of biological systems. In this work, a new method was explored to fabricate a superhydrophobic dual-biomimetic surface comprising both the shark-skin surface morphology and the lotus leaf-like hierarchical micro/nano-structures. The biomimetic surface possessing shark-skin pattern microstructure was first fabricated by microreplication of shark-skin surface based on PDMS; and then it was treated by flame to form hierarchical micro/nano-structures that can produce lotus effect. The fabricated biomimetic surfaces were characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), water contact angle measurements and liquid drop impact experiments. The results show that the fabricated dual-biomimetic surface possesses both the vivid shark-skin surface morphology and the lotus leaf-like hierarchical micro/nano-structures. It can exhibit excellent superhydrophobicity that the contact angle is as high as 160° and maintain its robustness of the superhydrophobicity during the droplet impact process at a relatively high Weber number. The mechanism of the micromorphology evolution and microstructural changes on the biomimetic shark-skin surface was also discussed here in the process of flame treatment. This method is expected to be developed into a novel and feasible biomimetic surface manufacturing technique.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adhesiveness
  • Animals
  • Biomimetic Materials / chemistry*
  • Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
  • Lotus / chemistry*
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Nanostructures
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry*
  • Sharks
  • Skin / chemistry*
  • Surface Properties
  • Water / chemistry*


  • Water