Assessment of college and university campus tobacco-free policies in North Carolina

J Am Coll Health. 2012;60(7):512-9. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2012.690464.


Objective: To develop a reliable and efficient method for assessing prevalence and strength of college/university tobacco-related policies.

Participants: North Carolina (NC) public universities, community colleges, and private colleges/universities (N = 110).

Methods: A census of policies using campus handbooks and Web sites was conducted in March 2011.

Results: The rating tool is reliable and valid. Ninety-nine percent of NC college/university campuses are smoke-free in all indoor areas. The majority (94/110 [85%]) of colleges and universities regulate smoking and/or tobacco in some or all outdoor areas. Less than 20% of campuses had restrictions for industry marketing, promotion, and sales.

Conclusions: Clean indoor air policies are present at all but 1 NC college/university campus, and a growing number have enacted broad outdoor limits to protect students, faculty, and staff from secondhand smoke. Policy census approaches across all other states would quantify the national tobacco-free college campus policy environment and facilitate adoption of tobacco-free campus policies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Female
  • Health Education / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • North Carolina / epidemiology
  • Organizational Policy*
  • Program Evaluation*
  • Public Health / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sex Factors
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Smoking / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Smoking Cessation / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Students / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / prevention & control
  • Universities / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Young Adult


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution