Psychological distress and substance use among community-recruited women currently victimized by intimate partners: a latent class analysis and examination of between-class differences

Violence Against Women. 2012 Aug;18(8):934-57. doi: 10.1177/1077801212456991.


Latent class analysis was used to examine patterns of victimization among a community sample of 212 women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). Results identified three classes of women characterized by victimization history (recent IPV, childhood victimization); classes were further differentiated by IPV-related posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, other indicators of psychological distress, and substance use. Differentiating levels of victimization and their associated patterns of psychosocial functioning can be used to develop intervention strategies targeting the needs of different subgroups of women so that mental health and substance use problems can be reduced or prevented altogether. Implications for treatment and future research are presented here.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Battered Women / psychology*
  • Child
  • Child Abuse
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / prevention & control*
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Psychological
  • Models, Statistical
  • Sexual Partners
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Spouse Abuse*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic*
  • Stress, Psychological*
  • Substance-Related Disorders*
  • Urban Population