The value of composting in Germany--economy, ecology, and legislation

Waste Manag. 2013 Mar;33(3):536-9. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2012.08.020. Epub 2012 Sep 22.


Based on a recent survey of German composting plants an evaluation of costs and benefits of composting was attempted. In this regard, several economical, ecological and legal aspects and some interrelations are discussed in this paper. A special emphasis is placed on the fees and compost prices of composting plants. It is also shown how the legal framework provides the economic basis for composting in Germany, how economical and ecological costs and benefits could be assessed, and why it is so difficult to determine the value of composting.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ecology / economics*
  • Ecology / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Germany
  • Soil*


  • Soil