Preventing primary cesarean sections: intrapartum care

Semin Perinatol. 2012 Oct;36(5):357-64. doi: 10.1053/j.semperi.2012.04.020.


Some intrapartum care practices promote vaginal birth, whereas others may increase the risk for cesarean section. Electronic fetal monitoring and use of the Friedman graph to plot and monitor labor progress are associated with increasing the cesarean section rate. Continuous one-to-one support and midwifery management are associated with lower cesarean section rates. This article reviews the evidence that links specific intrapartum care practices to cesarean section. Strategies that can be implemented in the current social and cultural setting of obstetrics today are recommended.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cesarean Section*
  • Female
  • Fetal Monitoring
  • Humans
  • Labor, Obstetric*
  • Midwifery / methods
  • Obstetric Labor Complications / prevention & control
  • Obstetrics / methods*
  • Pregnancy