How the electronic health record will change the future of health care

Yale J Biol Med. 2012 Sep;85(3):379-86. Epub 2012 Sep 25.


Genetic testing is expected to play a critical role in patient care in the near future. Advances in genomic research have the potential to impact medicine in very tangible and direct ways, from carrier screening to disease diagnosis and prognosis to targeted treatments and personalized medicine. However, numerous barriers to widespread adoption of genetic testing continue to exist, and health information technology will be a critical means of addressing these challenges. Electronic health records (EHRs) are a digital replacement for the traditional paper-based patient chart designed to improve the quality of patient care. EHRs have become increasingly essential to managing the wealth of existing clinical information that now includes genetic information extracted from the patient genome. The EHR is capable of changing health care in the future by transforming the way physicians use genomic information in the practice of medicine.

Keywords: electronic health records; electronic medical records; genetic testing; genomics; personalized medicine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Factual
  • Decision Support Systems, Clinical / statistics & numerical data
  • Delivery of Health Care / trends*
  • Electronic Health Records / statistics & numerical data*
  • Genetic Testing / methods
  • Genome, Human
  • Humans
  • Informed Consent
  • Medical Informatics / methods
  • Physicians
  • Precision Medicine / methods
  • Quality of Health Care / trends*