Influenza A (H3N2) Variant Virus-Related Hospitalizations: Ohio, 2012

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012 Sep 28;61:764-7.

Abstract

Since July 2012, 305 cases of infection with influenza A (H3N2) variant (H3N2v) virus containing the influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 M gene have occurred in multiple U.S. states, primarily associated with swine exposure at agricultural fairs. In Ohio, from July 28 to September 25, 2012, a total of 106 confirmed H3N2v cases were identified through enhanced surveillance. Whereas most H3N2v patients experienced mild, self-limited influenza-like illness (ILI), 11 of the Ohio patients were hospitalized, representing 69% of all H3N2v hospitalizations in the United States. Of these hospitalized H3N2v patients, six were at increased risk for influenza complications because of age or underlying medical conditions, including the only H3N2v-associated fatality reported in the United States to date. This report summarizes the epidemiology and clinical features of the 11 hospitalized H3N2v patients in Ohio. These findings reinforce the recommendation for persons at high risk for influenza complications to avoid swine exposure at agricultural fairs this fall. In addition, persons not at high risk for influenza complications who wish to reduce their risk for infection with influenza viruses circulating among pigs also should avoid swine and swine barns at agricultural fairs this fall.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Female
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype / genetics
  • Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype / isolation & purification*
  • Influenza, Human / complications
  • Influenza, Human / epidemiology*
  • Influenza, Human / pathology
  • Influenza, Human / transmission
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ohio / epidemiology
  • Population Surveillance
  • Risk
  • Swine