Neurophysiology of fastest voluntary muscle contraction in hereditary neuropathy

Ann Neurol. 1990 Jan;27(1):3-11. doi: 10.1002/ana.410270103.

Abstract

In patients with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy types I (demyelinative) and II (neuronal) and in normal subjects, isometric force and electromyographic activity of the first dorsal interosseous muscle were recorded during fastest voluntary contractions and during twitches evoked by nerve stimulation. The maximum voluntary force of the first dorsal interosseous muscle was also measured. In patients, fastest voluntary contraction time (i.e., time from onset of contraction to peak force) was prolonged and inversely proportional to maximum voluntary force. Maximum rate of rise of tension (i.e., slope of rise in force) was reduced and directly proportional to maximum voluntary force. In patients with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type I, contraction time was longer and the maximum rate of rise of tension was lower than in those with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type II. In patients and normal subjects, voluntary contraction time was closely correlated with the duration of electromyographic bursts. In patients, the twitch contraction time was prolonged and inversely proportional to maximum voluntary force. Twitch contraction amplitude was diminished and directly proportional to maximum voluntary force. Neither twitch contraction time nor amplitude were dependent on the type of hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. Twitch contraction time evoked by proximal nerve stimulation was minimally longer than that evoked by distal stimulation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease / physiopathology
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Electromyography
  • Female
  • Hereditary Sensory and Motor Neuropathy / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Isometric Contraction / physiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Contraction / physiology*