Impact of soluble epoxide hydrolase and epoxyeicosanoids on human health

Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol. 2013;53:37-58. doi: 10.1146/annurev-pharmtox-011112-140244. Epub 2012 Sep 27.

Abstract

The presence of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) in tissues and their metabolism by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) to 1,2-diols were first reported 30 years ago. However, appreciation of their importance in cell biology and physiology has greatly accelerated over the past decade with the discovery of metabolically stable inhibitors of sEH, the commercial availability of EETs, and the development of analytical methods for the quantification of EETs and their diols. Numerous roles of EETs in regulatory biology now are clear, and the value of sEH inhibition in various animal models of disease has been demonstrated. Here, we review these results and discuss how the pharmacological stabilization of EETs and other natural epoxy-fatty acids could lead to possible disease therapies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Epoxide Hydrolases / metabolism*
  • Epoxy Compounds / metabolism*
  • Health Status
  • Humans

Substances

  • Epoxy Compounds
  • Epoxide Hydrolases