Effectiveness of dance in patients with fibromyalgia: a randomized, single-blind, controlled study

Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2012 Nov-Dec;30(6 Suppl 74):18-23. Epub 2012 Dec 14.

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of belly dance as a treatment option for patients with fibromyalgia.

Methods: Eighty female patients with fibromyalgia between 18 to 65 years were randomly allocated to a dance group (n=40) and control group (n=40). Patients in the dance group underwent 16 weeks of belly dance twice a week, while the patients in the control group remained on a waiting list. The patients were evaluated with regard to pain (VAS), function (6MWT), quality of life (FIQ and SF-36), depression (Beck Inventory), anxiety (STAI) and self-image (BDDE). Evaluations were carried out at baseline, 16 weeks and 32 weeks by a blinded assessor.

Results: The dance group achieved significant improvements in VAS for pain (p<0.001), six-minute walk test (p<0.001), FIQ (p=0.003), BDDE (p<0.009) as well as the pain (p<0.001), emotional aspects (p<0.003) and mental health (p<0.021) subscales on the SF-36.

Conclusions: Belly dance can be used in the treatment of fibromyalgia to reduce pain and improve functional capacity, quality of life and self-image.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00961805.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / etiology
  • Body Image
  • Brazil
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Dance Therapy*
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / etiology
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Emotions
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Fibromyalgia / diagnosis
  • Fibromyalgia / physiopathology
  • Fibromyalgia / psychology
  • Fibromyalgia / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain / diagnosis
  • Pain / physiopathology
  • Pain / prevention & control*
  • Pain / psychology
  • Pain Measurement
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Quality of Life
  • Self Concept
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00961805