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Review
, 64, 1-13

Abiraterone and Novel Antiandrogens: Overcoming Castration Resistance in Prostate Cancer

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Review

Abiraterone and Novel Antiandrogens: Overcoming Castration Resistance in Prostate Cancer

R Ferraldeschi et al. Annu Rev Med.

Abstract

Suppression of gonadal androgens by medical or surgical castration remains the mainstay of treatment for patients with advanced prostate cancer. However, the response to treatment is not durable, and transition to a "castration-resistant" state is invariable. Recent advances in our understanding of the androgen receptor signaling pathway have led to the development of therapeutic strategies to overcome castration resistance. This article reviews current concepts and challenges behind targeting continued androgen receptor signaling in castration-resistant prostate cancer and provides an overview of recently completed and ongoing clinical trials of novel hormonal agents, with a focus on abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide (MDV3100).

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