Subjective and objective data on esophageal manometry and impedance pH monitoring 1 year after endoscopic full-thickness plication for the treatment of GERD by using multiple plication implants

Gastrointest Endosc. 2013 Jan;77(1):7-14. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2012.07.033. Epub 2012 Sep 26.


Background: Subjective and especially objective data after endoluminal full-thickness gastroplication are scarce.

Objective: To evaluate symptoms and reflux activity 12 months after gastroplication by using multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring.

Design: Open-label, prospective, single-center study.

Setting: Tertiary referral hospital in Zell am See, Austria.

Patients: Subjects without hiatal hernias with documented GERD and persistent or recurrent symptoms despite treatment with a proton pump inhibitor.

Interventions: A total of 36 patients underwent endoscopic full-thickness gastroplication with 1 or more Plicator implants.

Main outcome measurements: Mean Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index and reflux-specific symptom scores significantly improved on follow-up (P < .01). Atypical reflux, gas/bloating, and bowel dysfunction-specific symptom scores as well as belching and dysphagia scores improved. Twenty-two patients returned for esophageal manometry and multichannel intraluminal impedance testing 1 year after surgery. DeMeester scores decreased from 20 to 10 (P < .029). The median numbers of total, acid, proximal, upright, and recumbent reflux episodes were all significantly reduced (P < .05). Manometric data were virtually unchanged. The percentage of patients taking proton pump inhibitors on daily basis after the procedure was 11.5%. There was only 1 postprocedure incident (bleeding) that required intervention. Three of 36 patients (8.3%) were considered treatment failures because of persistent symptoms and were assigned to undergo laparoscopic fundoplication.

Limitations: No randomized comparison with a sham procedure or laparoscopic fundoplication; follow-up interval.

Conclusions: Endoscopic plication is safe and improves objective and subjective parameters at 1-year follow-up, without side effects seen after laparoscopic fundoplication. Further studies on the clinical merit of this procedure in specific patient populations are warranted.

Trial registration: NCT01453985.

MeSH terms

  • Electric Impedance
  • Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal*
  • Esophagus / physiology*
  • Female
  • Fundoplication / methods*
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / physiopathology
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Laparoscopy
  • Male
  • Manometry*
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Treatment Outcome

Associated data