Background: Pain and fatigue are common symptoms experienced by persons with muscular dystrophy (MD). However, it is unclear from previous studies whether pain and fatigue have independent effects on physical functioning and depression, and whether age moderates the relationship of pain and fatigue with physical functioning and depression.
Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the relationship of pain and fatigue to physical functioning and depression in persons 20-89 years old with MD.
Method: A convenience sample of 332 individuals with MD completed a questionnaire that included measures of physical functioning (PROMIS item bank items), depression (PHQ-9), pain intensity (0-10 NRS), and fatigue (0-10 NRS).
Results: Pain and fatigue were each independently associated with physical functioning and depression. Depressive symptoms were most severe among middle-aged participants (45-64 years old) relative to older and younger participants. Physical functioning had a negative relationship with chronological age.
Conclusions: Symptoms of pain and fatigue are significantly and independently related to physical functioning and depression in persons with MD. Research is needed to determine if treatments that target both pain and fatigue in patients with MD have more beneficial effects than treatments that target only one of these symptoms.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.