Self-consistent vertex correction analysis for iron-based superconductors: mechanism of Coulomb interaction-driven orbital fluctuations

Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Sep 28;109(13):137001. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.137001. Epub 2012 Sep 25.


We study the mechanism of orbital or spin fluctuations due to multiorbital Coulomb interaction in iron-based superconductors, going beyond the random-phase approximation. For this purpose, we develop a self-consistent vertex correction (VC) method, and find that multiple orbital fluctuations in addition to spin fluctuations are mutually emphasized by the "multimode interference effect" described by the VC. Then, both antiferro-orbital and ferro-orbital (=nematic) fluctuations simultaneously develop for J/U~0.1, both of which contribute to the s-wave superconductivity. Especially, the ferro-orbital fluctuations give the orthorhombic structure transition as well as the softening of shear modulus C(66).