Improved Candida methylica formate dehydrogenase fermentation through statistical optimization of low-cost culture media

Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2012;42(6):507-19. doi: 10.1080/10826068.2012.659102.


NAD⁺-dependent formate dehydrogenase (FDH, EC is of use in the regeneration of NAD(P)H coenzymes, and therefore has strong potential for practical application in chemical and medical industries. A low-cost production of recombinant Escherichia coli (E. coli) containing FDH from Candida methylica (cmFDH) was optimized in molasses-based medium by using response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD). The beet molasses as a sole carbon source, (NH₄)₂HPO₄ as a nitrogen and phosphorus source, KH₂PO₄ as a buffer agent, and Mg₂SO₄ · 7H₂O as a magnesium and sulfur source were used as variables in the medium. The optimum medium composition was found to be 34.694 g L⁻¹ of reducing sugar (equivalent to molasses solution), 8.536 g L⁻¹ of (NH₄)₂HPO₄, 3.073 g L⁻¹ of KH₂PO₄, and 1.707 g L⁻¹ of Mg₂SO₄ · 7H₂O. Molasses-based culture medium increased the yield of cmFDH about three times compared to LB medium. The currently developed media has the potential to be used in industrial bioprocesses with low-cost production.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Beta vulgaris / metabolism
  • Buffers
  • Candida / enzymology*
  • Candida / metabolism
  • Carbon / metabolism
  • Culture Media / metabolism
  • Culture Media / standards*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism
  • Fermentation*
  • Formate Dehydrogenases / genetics
  • Formate Dehydrogenases / metabolism*
  • Logistic Models
  • Magnesium Sulfate / metabolism
  • Molasses / analysis
  • Nitrogen / metabolism
  • Phosphates / metabolism
  • Potassium Compounds / metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • Buffers
  • Culture Media
  • Phosphates
  • Potassium Compounds
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • ammonium phosphate
  • Carbon
  • Magnesium Sulfate
  • potassium phosphate
  • Formate Dehydrogenases
  • Nitrogen