Clinical applications of digital 2-D and 3-D radiography for the periodontist

J Evid Based Dent Pract. 2012 Sep;12(3 Suppl):36-45. doi: 10.1016/S1532-3382(12)70010-6.


Context: Although there has been rapid development of imaging technology within dentistry, there has been limited evidence-based research documenting the benefits of digital radiography.

Evidence: We searched MEDLINE for relevant studies and review papers demonstrating clinical applications, limitations, and advancements within digital radiography.

Evidence synthesis: Two-dimensional (2-D) and 3-D digital radiography has become a powerful diagnostic tool for simple and complex procedures, including implant reconstruction. Recent advancements have reduced radiation exposure, increased resolution, and improved detection capabilities of complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) sensors. The current review summarizes such advances and outlines advanced CBCT implant-planning techniques.

Conclusions: While evidence-based research grows, the logistic, diagnostic, and planning improvements of 2-D and 3-D digital radiography are irrefutable with the potential to supplant conventional techniques.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cone-Beam Computed Tomography / methods*
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous / instrumentation
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous / methods*
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / instrumentation
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods*
  • Patient Care Planning
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiography, Dental, Digital / methods*