Objectives: Short-term outcome and side effects after Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) are well recognized. However, there is a lack of knowledge of the long-term outcome and side effects after this surgery. This study was completed to investigate the outcome and side effects 20 years after UPPP for snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea.
Methods: Medical records of patients who underwent UPPP surgery for sleep apnoea and snoring between 1985 and 1991 were investigated retrospectively. A specific questionnaire focusing on the present health profile, side effects of previous UPPP surgery and present sleeping patterns of patients was mailed out.
Results: UPPP patients, 186 (including 11 females) were identified. Of these, 35 (19%) had passed away and 7 (4%) were not located. 129 patients (mean: age 68 years, range 43-83) of the possible 144 patients answered the questionnaire (response rate 90%). At follow-up, 41 patients (32%) used continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). 66 of the patients (52%) were satisfied with the result of the operation, but 61 (47%) were not satisfied. 49 patients (38%) reported persistent side effects (problems with nasal regurgitation 18 (14%), swallowing 26 (20%), changed voice 15 (12%), and pain in the oral cavity 15 (12%).
Conclusion: Almost 50% of patients operated with UPPP were not satisfied with the result of the operation after about 20 years, and one third used CPAP at follow-up. A large proportion of patients still experienced side effects, which, after this time, are likely to be permanent.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.