Pediatric sleep pharmacology

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2012 Oct;21(4):861-83. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2012.08.001.

Abstract

This article reviews common sleep disorders in children and pharmacologic options for them. Discussions of pediatric sleep pharmacology typically focus on treatment of insomnia. Although insomnia is a major concern in this population, other conditions of concern in children are presented, such as narcolepsy, parasomnias, restless legs syndrome, and sleep apnea.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Antipsychotic Agents / adverse effects
  • Benzodiazepines / administration & dosage*
  • Benzodiazepines / adverse effects
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Clonidine / therapeutic use
  • Contraindications
  • Histamine Antagonists / administration & dosage*
  • Histamine Antagonists / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives / administration & dosage*
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives / adverse effects
  • Melatonin / therapeutic use
  • Off-Label Use
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / drug therapy*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / etiology

Substances

  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Histamine Antagonists
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Melatonin
  • Clonidine