Identification of aero-allergens from Rhizopus oryzae: an immunoproteomic approach

J Proteomics. 2012 Dec 21:77:455-68. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2012.09.023. Epub 2012 Oct 4.


Airborne fungal spores bearing allergens are the causative agent for inducing immediate hypersensitive reaction in sensitive individuals. In this study the potential aeroallergens have been reported for the first time from Rhizopus oryzae a common airborne mold. Clinical data based on SPT was further confirmed by ELISA. IgE reactive bands were revealed by one-dimensional immunoblotting. A 44 kDa major reactive band was found in all immunoblots. For precise identification of allergens, an immuno-proteomic approach was taken with a combination of 2-Dimensional gel electrophoresis and Mass-spectrometry. 2D map of spore-mycelial protein was confronted with pooled sera and several IgE reactive spots were detected, most of which were glycoproteins and except for one, which has no antigenic determinacy after metaperiodate modification. Each of those spots was identified by MALDI-TOF-TOF. Some bioinformatic approaches were taken to predict the signal peptide and subcellular localization of each protein. Major 44 kDa allergen was identified as Aspartyl endopeptidase. Sequence information was extracted from MS/MS spectra of two tryptic peptides generated from the 44 kDa endopeptidase. Multiple alignments with other reported aspartyl protease allergens showed significant homology. Allergenicity assessment of this protein was performed in silico and identified as a potential putative allergen.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Allergens / blood
  • Allergens / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Fungal / blood
  • Antibodies, Fungal / immunology*
  • Antigens, Fungal / blood
  • Antigens, Fungal / immunology*
  • Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases / blood
  • Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases / immunology*
  • Asthma / blood
  • Asthma / immunology*
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional / methods
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / methods
  • Female
  • Fungal Proteins / blood
  • Fungal Proteins / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E / blood
  • Immunoglobulin E / immunology*
  • Male
  • Mass Spectrometry / methods
  • Middle Aged
  • Proteomics / methods
  • Rhinitis, Allergic
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial / blood
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial / immunology*
  • Rhizopus / immunology*


  • Allergens
  • Antibodies, Fungal
  • Antigens, Fungal
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases