Contemporary review of testicular torsion: new concepts, emerging technologies and potential therapeutics

J Pediatr Urol. 2013 Dec;9(6 Pt A):723-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2012.08.012. Epub 2012 Oct 6.


Testicular torsion is one of the few emergencies in pediatric urology which requires an accurate and timely diagnosis in order to avoid testis loss. It is not an uncommon event affecting a young male population. In fact, testicular torsion is more common than testicular tumors for this same age group, yet testicular torsion has not been given the public attention it deserves as a male health risk. In this review we highlight the new information published over the past four years regarding testicular torsion. We will discuss a variety of topics associated with torsion including: medical legal issues, etiology and genetics, imaging diagnostics, innovative surgical techniques, management controversies, fertility, and new drug therapies.

Keywords: Fertility; Orchiectomy; Orchiopexy; Testicular torsion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Fertility
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Orchiectomy / trends*
  • Orchiopexy / trends*
  • Pediatrics / trends*
  • Spermatic Cord Torsion / physiopathology
  • Spermatic Cord Torsion / surgery*
  • Spermatic Cord Torsion / therapy*