Transcriptional control of the isoeugenol monooxygenase of Pseudomonas nitroreducens Jin1 in Escherichia coli

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2012;76(10):1891-6. doi: 10.1271/bbb.120375. Epub 2012 Oct 7.


Vanillin is one of the most valuable compounds in the flavoring and fragrance industries, and many attempts to produce natural vanillin have been made in recent years. Isoeugenol monooxygenase (Iem) converts the phenylpropanoid compound isoeugenol to vanillin. In Pseudomonas nitroreducens Jin1, the positive regulatory protein IemR is divergently expressed from Iem, and the promoter region is located between the genes. In this study, we investigated the transcriptional regulation of iem in Escherichia coli. We focused on inducers and regulatory protein IemR. Transcription of iem was found to be dependent on the amounts of isoeugenol and IemR. Isoeugenol was found to be the best inducer of iem, followed by trans-anethole, which induced iem to 58% of the transcription level observed for isoeugenol. Overproduction of IemR in E. coli significantly increased the transcription of iem, up to 96-fold, even in the absence of isoeugenol, as compared to basally expressed IemR. Results of this study indicate that the transcription of iem iss dependent on the type of inducers and on IemR. They should contribute to the development of bioengineering strategies for increased production of vanillin through high-level expression of the isoeugenol monooxygenase gene in microorganisms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Eugenol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Eugenol / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial*
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Pseudomonas / enzymology*
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Eugenol
  • isoeugenol
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases