Labor-Force Dynamics at Older Ages: Movements Into Self-Employment for Workers and Nonworkers

Res Aging. 2009 Jan;31(1):89-111. doi: 10.1177/0164027508324642. Epub 2008 Oct 3.


Labor-market transitions toward the latter parts of workers' careers can be complex, with movement between jobs and classes of work and in and out of retirement. The authors analyzed factors associated with the labor-market transitions of older workers to self-employment from unemployment or disability, retirement, or wage and salary work using rich panel data from seven waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). They found evidence that (prior) job characteristics and liquidity constraints are important predictors of movements to self-employment for workers and nonworkers, while risk aversion is a significant predictor only for workers.