The main objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy of the combination of delapril and indapamide (D+I) to different angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) combinations for the treatment of mild-to-moderate hypertension. A secondary objective was to examine the safety of these two combinations. Studies comparing the efficacy of D+I to ACEi+HCTZ combinations in hypertensive patients and published on computerized databases (1974-2010) were considered. Endpoints included percentage of normalized patients, of responders, change in diastolic and systolic blood pressure (DBP/SBP) at different time-points, percentage of adverse events (AEs), and percentage of withdrawal. Four head-to-head randomized controlled trials (D+I-treated, n = 643; ACEi+HCTZ-treated, n = 629) were included. Meta-analysis indicated that D+I-treated patients had a higher proportion with normalized blood pressure (P = 0.024) or responders (P = 0.002) compared to ACEi+HCTZ-treated patients. No difference was observed between treatments on absolute values of DBP and SBP at different time-points. Although the rate of patients reporting at least one AE was similar in both groups (10.4% versus 9.9%), events leading to study withdrawal were lower in the D+I group versus the ACEi+HCTZ group (2.3% versus 4.8%, respectively; P = 0.018). This meta-analysis suggests that treatment with D+I could provide a higher proportion of normalized or responder patients with good tolerability compared to ACEi+HCTZ combinations.
Keywords: ACE inhibitor; delapril; diuretic; hypertension; indapamide; meta-analysis.