Daily on-line set-up correction in 3D-conformal radiotherapy: is it feasible?

Tumori. Jul-Aug 2012;98(4):441-4. doi: 10.1700/1146.12637.


Aims and background: The aim of this report was to investigate the feasibility in terms of treatment time prolongation of an on-line no-action level correction protocol, based on daily electronic portal image verification.

Methods and study design: The occupation of a linear accelerator (LINAC) delivering 3-D conformal treatments was monitored for two weeks (from Monday to Friday, 10 working days). An electronic portal image device I-View (Elekta, UK) was used for setup verification. Single-exposure portal images were acquired daily using the initial 8 monitor units delivered for each treatment field. Translational deviations of isocenter position larger than 5 mm or 7 mm, for radical or palliative treatments, respectively, were immediately corrected. In order to estimate the extra workload involved with the on-line protocol, the time required for isocenter check and table correction was specifically monitored.

Results: Forty-eight patients were treated. In all, 482 fractions had electronic portal images taken. Two hundred and forty-five setup corrections were made (50.8% of all fractions). The occupation of the LINAC lasted 106 h on the whole. Twelve h and 25 min (11.7% of LINAC occupation time) were spent for portal image verification and setup correction. On the average, 4.3 fractions per hour were carried out.

Conclusions: When used by trained therapists, ideally, portal imaging may be carried out before each fraction, requiring approximately 10% of LINAC occupation time.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Dose Fractionation, Radiation
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Particle Accelerators*
  • Radiosurgery / instrumentation*
  • Radiosurgery / methods*
  • Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Radiotherapy, Conformal / instrumentation*
  • Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods*
  • Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated / methods
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome