Osteoporosis in chronic inflammatory disease: the role of malnutrition

Endocrine. 2013 Feb;43(1):59-64. doi: 10.1007/s12020-012-9813-x. Epub 2012 Oct 9.


Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder affecting million of people worldwide. Increased understanding of bone disease has led to a greater recognition of factors affecting bones, and consequently many secondary causes of osteoporosis were demonstrated. In this study, we aim to explore possible causes of bone loss and fractures in subjects affected by chronic inflammatory disease and to suggest new targets for intervention. In fact several studies, evaluated to perform this study, suggest that the patients with chronic inflammatory disease could be at high risk for fractures due to bone loss as consequence of malnutrition, caused by inflammation and hormonal change. Consequently, some actions could derive from the considerations of these mechanisms: a change in actual approach of chronic patients, that may include the investigation on the possible presence of osteoporosis, as well as further research on this topic to find a better therapy to prevent osteoporosis considering all the mechanisms described.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aging*
  • Anorexia / etiology
  • Bone and Bones / immunology*
  • Bone and Bones / metabolism
  • Cachexia / etiology
  • Chronic Disease / prevention & control
  • Cytokines / blood
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Malnutrition / immunology
  • Malnutrition / metabolism
  • Malnutrition / physiopathology*
  • Malnutrition / prevention & control
  • Osteoporosis / etiology*
  • Osteoporosis / immunology
  • Osteoporosis / physiopathology
  • Osteoporosis / prevention & control
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / etiology
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / immunology
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / metabolism
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / prevention & control
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / etiology
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / prevention & control


  • Cytokines