Human Bop is a novel BH3-only member of the Bcl-2 protein family

Protein Cell. 2012 Oct;3(10):790-801. doi: 10.1007/s13238-012-2069-7. Epub 2012 Oct 11.


One group of Bcl-2 protein family, which shares only the BH3 domain (BH3-only), is critically involved in the regulation of programmed cell death. Herein we demonstrated a novel human BH3-only protein (designated as Bop) which could induce apoptosis in a BH3 domain-dependent manner. Further analysis indicated that Bop mainly localized to mitochondria and used its BH3 domain to contact the loop regions of voltage dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) in the outer mitochondrial membrane. In addition, purified Bop protein induced the loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential (Δψm) and the release of cytochrome c. Furthermore, Bop used its BH3 domain to contact pro-survival Bcl-2 family members (Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), Mcl-1, A1 and Bcl-w), which could inhibit Bop-induced apoptosis. Bop would be constrained by pro-survival Bcl-2 proteins in resting cells, because Bop became released from phosphorylated Bcl-2 induced by microtubule-interfering agent like vincristine (VCR). Indeed, knockdown experiments indicated that Bop was partially required for VCR induced cell death. Finally, Bop might need to function through Bak and Bax, likely by releasing Bak from Bcl-X(L) sequestration. In conclusion, Bop may be a novel BH3-only factor that can engage with the regulatory network of Bcl-2 family members to process intrinsic apoptotic signaling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Survival
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Mitochondrial Membranes / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein Transport
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / chemistry*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Time Factors
  • Voltage-Dependent Anion Channel 1 / metabolism
  • bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein / metabolism
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein / metabolism


  • Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • RTL10 protein, human
  • bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein
  • Voltage-Dependent Anion Channel 1