Although essential for their neuronal function, the molecular mechanisms underlying the dendritic targeting of serotonin G-protein-coupled receptors are poorly understood. Here, we characterized a Yif1B-dependent vesicular scaffolding complex mediating the intracellular traffic of the rat 5-HT(1A) receptor (5-HT(1A)R) toward dendrites. By combining directed mutagenesis, GST-pull down, and surface plasmon resonance, we identified a tribasic motif in the C-tail of the 5-HT(1A)R on which Yif1B binds directly with high affinity (K(D) ≈ 37 nM). Moreover, we identified Yip1A, Rab6, and Kif5B as new partners of the 5-HT(1A)R/Yif1B complex, and showed that their expression in neurons is also crucial for the dendritic targeting of the 5-HT(1A)R. Live videomicroscopy revealed that 5-HT(1A)R, Yif1B, Yip1A, and Rab6 traffic in vesicles exiting the soma toward the dendritic tree, and also exhibit bidirectional motions, sustaining their role in 5-HT(1A)R dendritic targeting. Hence, we propose a new trafficking pathway model in which Yif1B is the scaffold protein recruiting the 5-HT(1A)R in a complex including Yip1A and Rab6, with Kif5B and dynein as two opposite molecular motors coordinating the traffic of vesicles along dendritic microtubules. This targeting pathway opens new insights for G-protein-coupled receptors trafficking in neurons.