A given mRNA can be regulated by interactions with miRNAs and in turn the availability of these miRNAs can be regulated by their interactions with alternate mRNAs. The concept of regulation of a given mRNA by alternate mRNA (competing endogenous mRNA) by virtue of interactions with miRNAs through shared miRNA response elements is poised to become a fundamental genetic regulatory mechanism. The molecular basis of the mRNA-mRNA cross talks is via miRNA response elements, which can be predicted based on both molecular interaction and evolutionary conservation. By examining the co-occurrence of miRNA response elements in the mRNAs on a genome-wide basis we predict competing endogenous RNA for specific mRNAs targeted by miRNAs. Comparison of the mRNAs predicted to regulate PTEN with recently published work, indicate that the results presented within the competing endogenous RNA database (ceRDB) have biological relevance.
Keywords: MRE; ceRDB; ceRNAs; competing endogenous RNAs database; database; microRNA response elements.